The cinema industry of USA is known as Hollywood which is given after the name of a city which was earlier produced movies. On the other hand, the Indian cinema industry is referred as Bollywood. This name is given making the combination of Hollywood and the major city of filmmaking in India, Bombay(now Mumbai). Both of the film industry has an impact on world cinema lovers. Both industries have some good movies who did a good business through all over the world and movies from both industries got a lot of appreciation time to time through all over the world. So there are rivalry and competition between them and question arises who is bigger, better and what are the differences.
Origin of Hollywood:
Thomas Edison invented kinetoscope at the end of 19th century and that was the start of filmmaking. He himself opened a production for films. Shortly thereafter, the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere created a hand-cranked machine called the cinematographe, which could both capture pictures and the project still frames in quick succession. George Eastman and William H. Walker also developed devices for filmmaking at the very end of 19th century. In 1910 Hollywood get succeed to make a silent film which was ‘In Old California’, made by D.W. Griffith. And until 1927 Hollywood could only make silent movies. Warner Bros. got succeed to make first ever talking feature film and that was ‘The Jazz Singer’.
Origin of Bollywood:
Bollywood was not too late making films just after 2 years of ‘In Old California’ Bollywood made its first silent movie ‘Shree Pundalik’ by Dadasaheb Torne. And when Hollywood released its first talking movie Indian were also trying hard to create such movie and just after 4 years in 1931 Ardeshir Irani released first Indian talking movie ‘Alam Ara’.
These things show that Indian and Bollywood was not so far from Hollywood in earlier days. Even that time India was dependent although Bollywood managed to create movies just after Hollywood.
Development of Hollywood:
And soon after first talking movie in 1927, Hollywood managed to make full-length color movies in 30’s. ‘Gone with the wind’ and ‘Wizard of Oz’ was earlier famous color films which made an impact on world cinema. The appearance of Walt Disney made Hollywood a different zoner – Animation. And in very 1937 Walt Disney produced world’s first ever animated movie named ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’.
Development of Bollywood:
Indian were also not so late to produced color movies. In 1937 Bollywood made its first full-length color film named ‘Kisan Kanya’ produced by Ardeshir Irani. Now here the differences become visible between Hollywood and Bollywood. The first color film ‘Kisan Kanya’ could not become successful because it was an art film not only meant for entertainment, that was written by great Saadat Hasan Manto. Now things started to change meaningfully for Bollywood. Bollywood stopped making and developing color films since the failure of ‘Kisan Kanya’.
In 1950, Dilip Kumar a mass actor was seen in a color film, Aan which was made to provide cheap entertainment with Indian taste and that made a success. Only then Indian could manage courage making color films.
Indian also were reluctant to new technologies and they didn’t find it useful. Thus they produced the first animated movie in 1957(The Banyan Deer) exact 20 years from Walt Disney.
Bollywood and Hollywood were started almost at the same time and ran parallel but now we can see how Hollywood took lead from Bollywood. The reluctant to new technologies and the taste of swallow entertainment which forced filmmakers to make light entertainer movies made Bollywood far behind Hollywood. Hollywood made meaningful world class movies with new technologies and gained world appreciation and fame and success, while Bollywood could not change the taste of Indian audience and made only entertainment movies only for Indians and could not make any impact on world cinema.
Budget of Bollywood and Hollywood movies:
The financial condition of USA and India also made an impact on filmmaking. While India was a developing nation the USA was a developed and superpower nation. Hollywood studios can afford to put big money in movies.
In 1948 Bollywood made its most expensive movie ”Chandralekha’ with 30 lakhs rupees while at the same time in 1947 Hollywood made its most expensive movie ‘Forever Amber’ with 40 crore Indian rupees, 100 times expensive than Chandralekha.
In India record broke by iconic movie ‘Mughal-E-Azam’ in 1960 of the most expensive movie which budget was 1.5 crore rupees. While Hollywood made ‘Cleopatra’ with the budget of $ 31.115 mn that is 2 arab Indian rupees, which was 133 times higher.
‘Sholay’ made in 1975 with the budget of 3 crore rupees which hold the record of the most expensive Indian movie till 1994. While at the same time in 1978 Hollywood made ‘Superman’ with $55mn or 3 arab 35 crore Indian rupees.
In 1996 Bollywood made ‘Indian’ with a record-breaking budget of 15 crores while Hollywood made ‘Titanic’ with $200mn or 12 arab 86 crore Indian rupees.
‘Devdas’ released in 2005 with the tag of the most expensive movie which cost 50 crore rupees while Hollywood produced ‘The Lord of the rings’ with the cost of $260mn or 16 arab 72 crore rupees.
In 2013 ‘Dhoom 3’ released with a cost of 175 crore rupees and Hollywood made ‘Pirates of the Carribean: On stranger tides’ with the cost of $378mn or 24,000 crore rupees, Which is almost 137 times higher than Dhoom3. If we talk about most expensive Indian movie which is ‘Bahubali: the conclusion’ released in 2017 which was made in 250crore rupees then it will become the 100times cheaper than ‘Pirates of Carribean’ released in 2011.
Now we can the see the difference clearly.
Earnings of movies of Hollywood and Bollywood:
We have seen the differences of Budget between Hollywood and Bollywood movies which is vast and hilarious. Now we will see the world wide earnings of movies of Hollywood and Bollywood. Which will be able to clear the quality of both film industry.
In 1957 Bollywood film ‘Mother India’ became very famous. It was also a classic which earned globally 8 crore rupees. And another masterpiece of Bollywood ‘Mughal-E-Azam’ released in 1960 gained 11 crore rupees worldwide. While Hollywood movie ‘Gone with the wind’ in 1963 collected 430crore in Indian rupees, Which is how many times higher you can easily calculate.
In 1973 Blockbuster movie ‘Bobby’ and another superhit milestone ‘Sholay’ in 1975 both collected record-breaking 30 crore rupees worldwide. On the other hand, Hollywood movie ‘Jaws’ made by Steven Speilberg’collected 1267 crore in Indian rupees globally.
In 1982 ‘Disco Dancer’ collected phenomenal 99 crore rupees globally. While 1982 released star wars’ another part collected 3454 crores globally.
In 1993 Salman Khan starrer ‘Hum Apke Hain Kaun’ created history becoming first Indian movie crossing 100 crores globally and it earned 135 crores globally. While Hollywood made ‘Jurassic park’ in the same year 1993 and collected almost 6000 crores in Indian rupees.
2008 released ‘Ghajini’ became the first Bollywood movie entering the 200 crores club globally with exact 200 crores gross collection. While 2010 released Hollywood movie made by ‘James Cameron’ ‘Avatar’ collected 17,367 crores in Indian rupees globally. “Avatar” is the highest grossed movie of Hollywood ever. While recent release Aamir Khan’s ‘Dangal’ is highest grossed movie of Bollywood ever with a global collection of 1,979 crore rupees. Which is also the highest grossed Indian movie ever ”Bahubali: the conclusion” collected 1,700 crores globally.
Now if we leave recent released ‘Dangal’ and ‘Bahubali-2’ we are nowhere in front of Hollywood. Even Dangal And Bahubali are standing too far from Hollywood movies.
Now we can see the chronological observation of making movies in Bollywood and Hollywood and we find that when we were busy making DiscoDancer type movies Hollywood was making star wars. At the time we were making ‘Hum Apke Hain Kaun’ Hollywood made ‘Jurasik Park’ at the same time. Now we can easily observe that although we started film making at almost the same time with Hollywood we getting poorer and inferior with Hollywood both in quality and standard. No Indian movie became able to win any Oscar awards so far. Just because we completely ignore the worldwide standards and we made themselves making and watching movies like Disco Dancer and Hum Apke Hain Kaun.
Although in 2017 two movies ‘Dangal’ and ‘Bahubali’ giving us some hope that we will make good movies in future which would be watchable world wide.
By: Shadab Ahmad Khan