There is an old saying ”necessity is the mother of inventions”. And man always tries to fulfill all the necessities and in this way investors happens. From wheel to printing press, and from pencil to computer scientists have created such valuables things for us which helped humanity to grow up and to reach the top of the world. These are the inventions that changed the world. We made spacecraft through which we can cross the barriers of space travels. We invented internet through which all the humans can connect themselves to the information and other humans. We invented washing machines which lessen the pain and troubles of homemakers. We invented television which opened the gate of entertainment. From time to time human invented such things to complete the empty of part of the life or easing the difficulties or way to explore new knowledge. Today we have a lot of things that created and invented by humans every invention has its own significance but here we have top 10 inventions that changed the world.
The fundamental and most important tool of all the major machines is the wheel. Without the wheel, it cant be imagined to make any machine. It was invented by the early men who invented it to make a movable vehicle which put the fundamental stone of transport system.From Bullock cart to cars, bullet trains and airplane everything is developed on the wheel. In the 18th century when industrialization started, all the machines based on a moving wheel concept. Today we hardly notice the wheel working but it is everywhere, from your cars to your ceiling fans, in your ball pen, your office chair, inside your wrist watch and every mechanical things holds wheels.
2. Printing press:
This is one of the most significant inventions of all time. It made the printing process convenient, cheaper and useful. It opened the door of knowledge for all peoples. It was invented in 1430 by Johann Gutenberg. Before Johann people printed the books with their own hands using wooden stamps. The process was more inconvenient and costly and tardy that a book takes so much effort to print. And then the price became too high to afford for common people. After the printing machines which could print many times faster and easier than handmade process. It encourages more writers to write and publish their books and all the old books could be Babbage on lower rates. This machines also take peoples to the gate of newspapers and magazines. And after sometimes newspaper became daily habits of people. Even today most of the mornings feel itself missing without a newspaper.
Human is a social creature and love to live in communities. And also eager to know about the farther people. So there was a necessity to communicate peoples through long distances. Inventors created some tools and ways to solve this problem. Human messengers, Pigeons, Mailman, letters tried to solve the problem of long communications but they were not more convenient and fast. But in 1876 Alexender Graham Bell invented the machine that could manage communications between two people at any distance in real time. That was called ‘telephone’. Today it has been modified in mobile phones but even today this is the most necessary tool or machine for our daily life. The word hello must be the most spoken word in the world. And interestingly it must be the single word that is used in all languages in all countries to start a call.
4. Electricity and the light bulb:
Man had invented fire far more time ago in human history. But it could not solve the complete problem of light. In early 1800 Human became able to produce electricity. Michel Faraday, Thomas Eddison, and Nikola Tesla are the most notable name in the invention of electricity. At that time when it was produced, only a bulb was available for use with electricity. But it is the most usable and important electric tool even today. It made an easy way for the light bulb to lightened our homes and cities. Today all the equipment, Gadgets, home appliances, even trains, and internet are completely dependent on electricity. Electricity is the only option that can run these things.
This is the game changer invention in food processing storage. Before Refrigerator it was impossible to store food even for a single day. Food stores, restaurants, Homes needed badly a tool that could make it possible to store foods for a long time. That all made possible with Refrigerator. Since 1750 the efforts had been started to invent the refrigerator and it took almost 100 to 150 years to develop it as a useful and convenient. In 1876 Carl Von Linde designed a pretty decent fridge. And the fridge we know today is released on 1923 by Frigid air. And now it is a very important appliance for any home. And it is the one that is alone helped to establish restaurant culture.
Charles Babbage first developed the prototype of a computer and that was the start of a completely new era. That’s why he is called as father of Computers. After Babbage, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs played very important role to make it possible to hold the computer for every home. And now it is fundamental structure of any system in the world. This is the base of every future technology.
If the computer is the fundamental element of any info system then the internet is the backbone of it. Without the internet, any system cannot stand. We use it daily to browse data on our computer, laptop or smartphones. It helps us to access data, information, videos, and messages. Internet was started with the collaboration between Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn and Tim Burners-Lee. And it was Burners Lee who invented the world wide web in 1991. And then all the web pages could be stored on websites and access through Internet.
Dr. Edward Jenner became a savior of millions of lives when he invented the vaccine in 1796. He first invented a smallpox vaccine which was the biggest cause of death in those days. Dr. Jenner found that if a harmless smallpox virus is injected into the human body the body develop the antibodies against smallpox. Which led him to invent the vaccine and after that smallpox could be controlled. And motivated by this vaccine many doctors and scientists invited some other vaccines for different diseases. And now we can live in a healthy world.
You must have seen the Compass of Jack Sparrow in movies in all the stories everyone try to get his compass and that one thing makes him the protagonist of the movie. So why it was so important. Because in the sea where you are bound by water from every side only the Compass is your companion and navigator.
This is a small but a most significant invention in human history. This is the one tool that is responsible for all the discoveries through the oceans. And man could cross the barriers of oceans. The invention credits go to the Chinese Han dynasty travelers who invented Compass in 1000-1100 A.D.
10: Ball pen:
If you would have watched Aamir Khan’s movie 3 idiots you will find a seen when Viru Sahasrabudhi tell students about the invention of the Ball pen. It was John H. Loud who attempted first to make a Ball pen. And. László Bíró developed it as today’s Ball pen. And it became the most important part of our daily life. One can not imagine writing on papers with pencil or ink pens. This Ball pen has been witnessed a lot of historic books and scientific papers which created history.
BY: Shadab Ahmad Khan